Several years ago, Groveton College adopted an honor code, which calls for students to agree not to cheat in their academic endeavors and to notify a faculty member if they suspect that others have cheated. Groveton's honor code replaced a system in which teachers closely monitored students. Under that system, teachers reported an average of thirty cases of cheating per year. The honor code has proven far more successful: in the first year it was in place, students reported twenty-one cases of cheating; five years later, this figure had dropped to fourteen. Moreover, in a recent survey, a majority of Groveton students said that they would be less likely to cheat with an honor code in place than without. Such evidence suggests that all colleges and universities should adopt honor codes similar to Groveton's. This change is sure to result in a dramatic decline in cheating among college students.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

In this article, the author recommends that all colleges and universities implement the honor code adopted at Groveton College (GC) to combat cheating. Her suggestion is mainly based on the reported decline of cheating after the adoption of the honor code at GC. However, several crucial questions are left unaddressed, and as a result her conclusion is quite unconvincing.

To begin, the author assumes, perhaps unwarrantedly, that students’ reports are just as reliable as those from teachers. However. will students honestly report every misconduct they spot, or would they rather choose to cover up for each other? Even if they don’t intentionally misreport, do they even have the time and energy to watch out for

cheating, since they themselves should be completely engaged in the exams? Without a positive answer to either of these questions. it remains unclear if GC’s cheating problem has indeed been alleviated.

Second, granted that the numbers are trustworthy, that cheating incidences have dropped from 30 per year all the way down to 14, it does not necessarily imply a less serious cheating problem. No evidence has been provided as to whether there have been significant changes in total enrollment for recent years. If, the total number of students has remained stable or even increased, the reduced cheating instances might indeed suggest that cheating has become less of an issue for the school. However, if a reputation crisis has caused a devastating blow to enrollment, resulting in a halving of total students, then the ratio of the amount of cheating to the number of students may have even increased, thereby undermining the author’s argument.

Besides, even if cheating has in fact been reduced, it remains open whether there are other possible correlates to this shift. Maybe the school has decided on heavier punishments for cheating, maybe it has installed surveillance cameras in every classroom, or the average difficulty of the exams has decreased. Any of these scenarios, if true, would equally explain the diminishing cheating rate. Without sufficient evidence to address these possibilities, the author cannot fairly draw a connection between the code and cheating, and in turn should not confidently apply the measure to other schools.

Furthermore, the author also mentions a campus survey in which students claim that they are unlikely to cheat with an honor code in place. Apparently, she assumes that this survey is trustworthy. In an unlikely scenario in which students are willing to reveal all their dark secrets, this survey does weigh much toward the author’s conclusion. Unfortunately, it is quite possible that students want to display their best sides, especially when the survey is not conducted anonymously. If so, then this piece of evidence simply lends no support to the author’s conclusion.

Finally, building on the purported success of the honor code in GC, the author immediately alleges that the achievement can be duplicated in other schools. However, it is uncertain how much students of different schools differ. If in this district, all colleges have students that are honest and self-disciplined, then this code could potentially work miracles when imitated. However, perhaps Groveton College is a top institute in the whole region by far. Accordingly, it could have a strict standard for applicant enrollment, especially regarding their moral conduct. In contrast, perhaps most other institutes are relatively loose in this respect. If so, then it explains why the honor code, a system that requires self-discipline to work, could prove successful in Groveton, but it also probably implies a potential failure when implemented in other places. Also, for schools with already few cheating problems, the adoption of a different approach is quite unlikely to yield better results, so the change would be fairly unnecessary.

Overall the author needs to take into consideration al aforementioned questions and supplement a series of unsupported assumptions before she can legitimately conclude that all schools should follow Groveton College’s path.

2 次查看



The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. "Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that

A recently issued twenty-year study on headaches suffered by the residents of Mentia investigated the possible therapeutic effect of consuming salicylates. Salicylates are members of the same chemical

The following was written as a part of an application for a small-business loan by a group of developers in the city of Monroe. "A jazz music club in Monroe would be a tremendously profitable enterpri