Society should make efforts to save endangered species only if the potential extinction of those species is the result of human activities.

Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position.

Should our society strive to protect endangered species? From the current human consensus, there is no doubt that the answer to this question is yes. But but, with one qualification: if the extinction of animals is not caused by humans, should we not then try to protect such species? Some people would say that since animals belong to nature, then if nature is the factor for their extinction, humans should also follow nature. However, I still believe that we should protect endangered species, whether or not it is man's responsibility.

We must acknowledge that there are valid reasons that justify the abandonment of the protection of endangered species, especially when these species are no longer able to adapt to nature. This is because one of the most important reasons we protect endangered species is to maintain the balance of the ecosystem. If certain key species become extinct due to human causes, such as deforestation, it is likely to have an impact on the ecosystem as a whole. Therefore, efforts are made to try and protect these organisms by attempting to restore their populations through the creation of protected areas, artificial breeding, etc., so that they can return to nature and become part of the ecosystem. However, if the natural extinction of an organism means that it is genuinely unadapted to nature, it will never be able to survive naturally, no matter how much we protect it, which means that human protection of it is likely to be endless and it will never be able to produce direct ecological value. For example, many people have suggested that China should stop spending so much human and material resources to protect the giant panda. From the evolutionary point of view of the survival of the fittest, the giant panda itself should be eliminated by nature.

However, this view relies heavily on the assumption that we can accurately determine which species are endangered and which are not. In fact, with the human footprint all over the world today, there are very few endangered species that have come to this point purely because they have not adapted. The giant panda, for example, does have a low fertility rate and a homogenous diet, but its habitat has also been greatly reduced by human exploitation. Even if the giant panda is a dying species, at least human actions have contributed to its extinction.

Secondly, the purpose of protecting endangered species is not just to release them directly into the wild and maintain the ecological balance. Endangered organisms have multiple meanings beyond ecological significance. First, they have important scientific value. For example, James Audubon, the famous bird watcher and biologist painter, with his exquisite drawing skills and meticulous observation, he drew a large number of images of birds for human beings before the invention of the camera, and many of these birds have already become extinct today. Imagine, if people through their own efforts to protect the environment to minimize the extinction of these birds, we today can study these birds through more direct field observations and laboratory specimens, instead of having to rely on Audubon's paintings, after all, these paintings may not provide all researchers with the material they want. Second, some species have important cultural symbolism, and these animals can trigger both a sense of identity and an overall awareness of biological conservation. For example, the koala, an endemic Australian animal. As an endemic Australian animal, the koala has become a symbol of Australia and even a powerful tool for Australia to attract foreign tourists. In addition, a series of forest fires broke out in Australia in early 2020, and the most intense fires were in the eucalyptus forests where koalas live. There were numerous photos in the news papers at the time showing koalas being burned. This serves as a reminder of the need to beware of fires and to protect the environment, while at the same time using koalas, Australia's common heritage, to galvanise the enthusiasm and determination of Australians to work together to fight fires. Finally, endangered species are important for maintaining genetic diversity, which in the future may yield values that we cannot foresee now.

In conclusion, although if the purpose of protecting endangered animals is to return them to nature, then these creatures that are not adapted to nature deserve to be eliminated because they are naturally extinct and not caused by humans. However, the conservation of these endangered species has important scientific value and cultural significance.

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