ISSUE-040

Leaders are created by the demands that are placed on them.


Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.


How are leaders created? Some people argue that it is the demand being placed on leaders that creates them, which I fully agree. From my point of view, whether it is in a government body or a business, leaders have the responsibility to fulfill a goal, which is the demand entrusted by their subordinates or stakeholders.


Understandably, there are those who disagree with my argument above, arguing that leaders are only created by the demands in the time of emergency. For example, in the time of wars, leaders are created by the collective will of the people to defeat the enemy and defend the nation. During the World War II, the sole goal for Churchill and Roosevelt is to defeat the Nazi German invasion, which is considered to be the single most important demand on them. Another example is the ongoing global outbreak of COVID-19 that has being ravaging our planet. To face the challenge of the pandemic, the people look into their governments to enact policies to fight this highly infectious disease, such as tighter border control and strict stay-at- home orders. In this particular time, the demand is to win the war against the virus, which is probably why President Trump called him a wartime president. Yet, during peace times, leaders are elected by the people without the urgent need for national defense. This contrast demonstrates that only during crises leaders are demand-made, with the urgent demand arising from the crises. In other times, they simply represent the will of the people.


While the lines of reasoning above seem to hold water at first glance, a closer examination reveals that it is premised on a faulty assumption. That is, during peace times, it is assumed, without proper justification, that the will of the people to elect a public official does not constitute a demand. The opposite is actually the reality. The will of the people on an individual level is to improve the well-being of their lives and on a national level is to advance the economy of a country. Such a pursuit for a better life and a higher standard of living is the demand that any public official must face. A classic example is the Presidential race between George Bush and Bill Clinton. Being the sitting President, Bush had a natural advantage, but still was defeated by Clinton for the reason that under Bush administration the economy suffered and the quality of living for the general public declined. On the other hand, Clinton accurately identified people’s demand and promised a better economy, which ultimately led to him defeating Bush in the election.


The logic above also applies to the world of business, in which the leaders of a company has the responsibility to ensure the company is able to make profit for the shareholders. Such a responsibility can be seen as the demand of the stakeholders for a better return of their investment. Similarly, in education, the demand placed on the superintendent comes from the parents who want their children to receive qualified education from a school. The list can go on and on, and almost in any field that require collective action, a leader is inherently created to facilitate the fulfillment of the collective vision. To the leaders, their position represents a responsibility, but from the perspective of the collective being, the leaders’ existence hinges on their collective demand for progress. Some people may disagree, challenging my point by arguing that leaders are not necessary in an organization. Such an anarchistic point of view

may hold true in the remote past, but since we are living in a highly specialized and highly connected world, we need complex organizations, be it political or commercial.


To sum up, while some claim that only in times of uncertainties leaders are created by the demands that originate from such urgencies, I believe that regardless of the time leaders are created by the demands. Such demands may not only arise from emergencies such as wars and pandemics, but also be made by the general will of the stakeholders for a better future.

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