ISSUE-083

Some people believe that scientific discoveries have given us a much better understanding of the world around us. Others believe that science has revealed to us that the world is infinitely more complex than we ever realized.


Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.


The most remarkable achievement in the development of mankind is the continuous advancement of science and technology. However, with more and more scientific exploration by humans, has our understanding of the world become more comprehensible?


Some people argue that as human scientific exploration has advanced, our understanding of the world has not become more comprehensive, but rather has become more complex. I partly agree with this view. As a Chinese poem says, "The worries of life begin the day we become literate." Scientific progress has improved human cognition, and the progress of human cognition has made the way we look at the world more complex. For example, before the development of the Internet, the communication between people was limited because of the underdeveloped communication, and the radius of people's interaction was very small, usually limited to a village, so they were all acquaintances to communicate with each other. At this time, interpersonal relationships were simple because people knew each other and usually communicated face-to-face, so misunderstandings did not easily arise. However, with the development of communication technology, people invented various devices to contact each other, thus enabling an increasing interaction between people even without meeting each other. In this context, communication with strangers became more frequent and the cost of trust arises when people communicate with each other. Because there is no meeting, or even both parties do not know each other, people have to waste time in solving the trust issues. At the same time, in this process, people's understanding of human nature and the world has become more complex, because the world presented to us is completely different from before, and there are all kinds of people in it, we need to spend more energy to deal with the complex interpersonal relationships.


However, I believe that the reason for the above situation is not that the world has changed, but because we humans ourselves have changed. Human desire makes us want to deceive others, thus creating a cost of trust in communication, leading to the feeling that the world is complicated. But in reality, the world is still the same world, only our thoughts have become complicated. Therefore, the development of science does not make the world more complex; instead, it allows humans to understand the world more clearly. After all, the initial reason for the development of science was to explore the nature of nature. Through scientific exploration, mankind has become more and more profound and comprehensible about nature, and cannot be considered as making people's view of the world more complex. A good example is the progress of medicine. When human medicine was in a very primitive state, people could only rely on their own functions or feudal superstitions to fight diseases. But with the development of medicine, antibiotics, vaccines, and other medical techniques based on modern science were born, and the survival of human beings has been greatly improved. The development of medicine did increase the study burden of medical students, but it made the world a better place. So in order to live in this world better and understand it better, the new knowledge generated by scientific exploration is necessary.


In addition to that, human exploration of the unknown is itself based on the inherent human instinct. The ancestors of humans, the apes, had a much more curved spine than our modern humans, and they all walked with their faces to the ground. However, when one ape in a group suddenly looked up at the stars one day, it began to be curious about the world. This curiosity was engraved into the genes and has been passed on with the evolution of human beings to this day, and only in this way can we enjoy the highly civilized modern society with thriving science and technology today.


To sum up, instead of making the world more complicated, science and technology have allowed us to understand the world better.

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