ISSUE-101

Some people argue that successful leaders in government, industry, or other fields must be highly competitive. Other people claim that in order to be successful, a leader must be willing and able to cooperate with others.


Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.


Should a successful leader have a spirit of cooperation or competition? While both cooperation and a sense of competition are essential, in my case, I am more inclined to be a competitive leader.


We can't deny that cooperation is indispensable in a company as small as a company or a country as large as a country, and its leaders must know that focusing on competition alone may win the game once, but only if they know how to cooperate can they achieve a win-win situation in the long-term game. Most of the games in our world are not zero-sum games, it's not a do-or-die situation, and cooperation is the key to long-term sustainability. Leaders need to encourage the groups they lead to both cooperate internally and to achieve cooperation with other groups. Let's take a company as an example. A typical partnership is between departments within a company: operations, human resources, logistics, sales, and so on. The elements are usually intertwined. There is also an important cooperation between companies, which need to form strategic partnerships with their upstream and downstream counterparts. Even among competing companies, there is a need to work together to maintain the brand image and status of their industry or segment in society. By the same token, it is clear that there is a need for cooperation between various industries in a country, and there are countless examples; and there are many issues on which countries must cooperate in order to solve common global problems: regional stability, drug interdiction, economic development, environmental protection, and so on.


However, it is important to note that competition is officially an essential element of leadership because of the zero-sum game that exists. After becoming a leader, one must also encourage healthy competition within his or her company and country to keep it alive.


Also, competition with other companies and countries is inevitable. This is because there are a limited number of leadership positions within the company and there is no way to stand out without competition. The leaders of the company must also encourage healthy competition within the company and need to know which achievements are the result of who paid for them, otherwise it will encourage the existence of free riders and reduce the productivity of the company. There is also an implicit competition between the various departments of the company, after all, the company's resources are limited, and the resources that can be allocated to each department is even more limited. Departments that consistently compromise cannot get enough attention and resources, and naturally cannot perform well. The importance of the company's competition with other businesses needs no further explanation. Although various countries are implementing strict antitrust laws, if a company abandons competition for fear of monopoly, this is tantamount to abandoning the future of the entire company.


In addition, at the national level, there is naturally competition between different parts of the country, and it needs to be encouraged, for the same reason as within a company. Even more so, there is bound to be competition between countries on many issues. For example, in order to protect the interests of their own capital, some countries are willing to start trade wars and trade protectionism at the expense of more countries around the world. There is also serious competition for talent between countries. When a country is short of a large number of talents due to objective factors, the government will try its best to import talents from other countries. For example, Singapore has attracted a large number of foreign students through its quality education and scholarship system. These international students stay in Singapore and become a quality workforce in the future.


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